I live in Warsaw, so first plant I wanted to show you is varsaviensis silver linden. This kind of a tree you can see in Warsaw very often. It is known since the 20th century, when it was accidentally spread in Municipal plant nursery in Warsaw. That’s why we name it Varsaviensis Linden. Remember, that this tree is a mixture of kinds of lindens, but it isn’t a real linden.
Every plant has its name in Latin. Linden in Latin is “Tlia” and varsaviensis silver linden is “Tilia tomentosa ‘Varsaviensis'”.
There are 30 species of linden on the Northern Hemisphere. Each kind has special colour, shape, size, etc. One of them is Varsaviensis Linden, which has beautiful crown and its leafs fall down very late.
This tree can be really big. It can have 25 meters height and around 10 metres of the crown width. Due to cone, regular shape it is often found in alleys and parks.
Leaves of this linden are dark green on the top and light at the bottom. Their shape is similar to shape of a heart. Unfortunately, I’ve been making photos during autumn when linden lost its leaves already. You can find, however, really nice pictures showing leaves here: http://olszanowski.com.pl/124/lipa-srebrzysta-varsaviensis-lipa-warszawska.html, https://www.drzewa.com.pl/21448/lipa-warszawska-tilia-tomentosa-varsaviensis-.jpg.
Bark of this tree is grey and smooth and a trunk is short.
Linden blooms in June and July. Its flowers are little, but they have strong, specific smell. They have light yellow colour. Bees really appreciate these flowers and they make delicious linden honey. We can make antipyretic infusion from them, too.
Linden fruits have a form of little nuts. First they are green and with time they become brown. They have healing powers just like flowers. In combination with other natural ingredients they could be used in treatment of: infammation of throat, intestines, stomach, to limit heartburn, to avoid cough, to mitigate irritations and inflammation of skin, to support wounds healing. More information can be found following this link: http://rozanski.li/3216/owoc-lipy-fructus-tiliae-w-praktycznej-fitoterapii-i-kosmetyce-pielegnacyjnej/.
Varsaviensis linden is really resistant to difficult conditions like: soil salination, polution or drought. This is why this type of linden is perfect for towns. You can find many of them in Park Skaryszewski in Warsaw.
One of the famous polish poet, Jan Kochanowski, has written an epigram titled “Na Lipę” (“Linden”) where linden invites to sit and rest under the cover of its crown. Linden is described as a beautiful and full of flowers smelling good. You can find the epigram following this link: http://www.wiersze.doktorzy.pl/lipa.htm.